host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Pencil Drawing - Portrait - Emma Hill (later Mrs Madox Brown) - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Pencil Drawing - Portrait - Emma Hill (later Mrs Madox Brown)

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Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1906P790
Collection:Fine Art Prints and Drawings
Date:1852 - 1852

Maker Information

Artist:Ford Madox Brown - View biography for Ford Madox Brown

Notes

By 1852 Emma had become Brown's favourite model. She posed in all his main works including 'Chaucer at the Court of Edward III' (1851, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney), 'Pretty Baa-Lambs' (1956P9) and 'The Last of England' (1891P24). This is a more intimate portrait of her, and its side profile and downward gaze, recalls the portrait Brown made of her just after they had met in 1848 (1906P125).

When Emma sat for this study the couple had already had a child, Catherine, together in 1850 but were not yet married. Brown most likely put off marrying Emma because he was struggling financially and she was a working class girl who Brown may have felt lacked the social graces required by a middle class wife. At the end of 1852 she was living in Highgate North Hill and was attending a school for young ladies in order to prepare her for marriage. On 5 April 1853 the couple were married at St Dunstan's-in-the-West, Fleet Street, with Brown's two closest male friends, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Thomas Seddon, as witnesses.
LM

Purchased and presented by subscribers, 1906.

Further Information

Production Period:19th century
School/Style:Portrait
Medium:Pencil on paper.
Material(s):Paper

Associated People

Dimensions

Height:146 mm
Width:132 mm