host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Chalk Drawing - Stages of Cruelty - Study for the Child (Catherine Madox Brown) - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Chalk Drawing - Stages of Cruelty - Study for the Child (Catherine Madox Brown)

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Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1922P18
Collection:Fine Art Prints and Drawings
Date:1857 - 1857

Maker Information

Artist:Ford Madox Brown - View biography for Ford Madox Brown

Notes

Following the rejection of his design for 'Cromwell on his Farm' (Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester) by his dealer D. T. White, Brown thought up a new domestic subject in June 1856. At first it was called 'Stolen Kisses are Sweet' but, inspired by Hogarth, it became the more moralistic 'Stages of Cruelty.' The composition depicts a young woman spurning her lover, whilst a little girl in the foreground whips her dog with a bunch of Love-lies-bleeding. Brown used his second daughter Cathy as the model for the young girl, noting in his diary for 1857:

'as Hunt held out some prospect of Fairburns coming to buy the Lilac leaves, I set at it & painted the convolvulus out in the open air, composed & drew in the child, painted in the Love-lies-Bleeding, worked at the lovers head & at the girls, in all I suppose 3 weeks' (Virginia Surtees, ed., 'The Diary of Ford Madox Brown,' p. 199).

No commission came and the painting was worked on only intermittently during the 1860s. It was eventually finished in 1890 for Brown's Manchester patron Henry Boddington (and is currently in Manchester Art Gallery). By this time Cathy had children of her own and her daughter Juliet became the model for the girl in the completed canvas.
LM

Presented by A E Anderson, 1922.

Further Information

Production Period:19th century
School/Style:Portrait
Medium:Black chalk on pale grey paper.
Material(s):Chalk

Associated People

Dimensions

Height:335 mm
Width:297 mm