This study is also known as 'The Altar of Hymen', in Morris's verse from 'The Earthly Paradise' this scene is not recounted explicitly, but rather hinted at through Galatea's own words. It shows the marriage of Pygmalion and Galatea.
The composition is identical to a later gouache painting executed by Burne-Jones in 1874, bearing that name. The present location of the painting is unknown, although Bill Waters and Martin Harrison state in their 1973 book on Burne-Jones, that the painting was a wedding present for William Graham's daughter Amy. Her married monogram, 'AM' (for Amy Muir-Mackenzie) is inscribed on the bottom left of the flaming altar itself.