The Battle of Lepanto was fought between the Holy League, a coalition of Catholic Mediterranean
states, and the Turkish Ottoman Empire on 7th October 1571. The Holy League force, led by Don Juan de Austria (1547-78), were victorious against the Ottoman force icluding Barbary Corsairs led by Muezzinzade Ali Pasha. Tis was the last great sea battle involving oared vessels and the largest battle of galleys since Actium in 30BC. Casualties: 8,000 Christians, 25,000 Turks. 15,000 Christian slaves were freed from captured Turkish galleys.