host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Handbag - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Handbag

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Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1947M233
Collection:Applied Art - Costume
Date:1870 - 1901

Notes

For as long as people have had precious items and money to carry about their person, bags and purses have played an important role in our daily lives. Accessories like these small bags have been valued for their usefulness. They have also been a relatively cheap and easy way to update fashions and are an indicator of style and taste.The forerunner of the handbag was the 'redicule' adopted in France in the late eighteenth century. Although British women took longer to embrace the idea, they soon came to rely on them and called them their 'indispensables'.The term 'handbag' initially referred to the hand held luggage bags usually carried by men. In the last third of the nineteenth century practical and stylistic elements of the leather travelling bag, such as its metal fastenings and compartmentalised interior, ticket pockets and sturdy handle, inspired the new handbag for women, the precursor of the twentieth century handbag.From the 1830s onwards, Berlin woolwork in merino wools from Germany dominated domestic embroidery. The patterns were worked on to canvas, and silks were introduced for texture and bright colour contrasts. Thousands of printed charts were imported into England and many designs for bags and purses were available.

Presented by Mrs Ellen Craig.

Further Information

Production Period:19th Century
Medium:Coloured wools and silk on canvas.
Material(s):Silk

Dimensions

Height:18 cm
Width:16 cm