host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Wassail Bowl - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Wassail Bowl

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Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1965T391
Collection:Social History - Pinto Collection
Date:1693 - 1693

Notes

This 17th century English silver-mounted, lignum vitae wassail bowl carries the coat-of-arms for the Grocer's Company and the inscription,'Ye gifte of Richard Rogers to hys olde friends who meet in the Toy room'.The Toye was an inn, built in 16th or early 17th century, which stood outside the gates of Hampton Court, in London. There were several Liverymen in the Grocer's Company in the 17th century called Richard Rogers, and it has not been possible to establish exactly which individual was the owner of this handsome wassail bowl. The inn was demolished in 1857.Wassailing ceremonies took place at a number of different times throughout the year including Christmas, Shrove Tuesday and January 6th (Twelfth Night). The wassail bowl was filled with a mixture of ingredients including ale, sugar, nutmeg, ginger and cloves.

Purchased from Edward H Pinto, 1965.

Further Information

Production Period:17th century
Medium:Turned. Silversmith.
Material(s):Silver
Place of Origin:England

Associated People

Associated Places

Associated Organisations

Dimensions

Height:24 cm
Diameter:20.3 cm