host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Tempera - Self-Portrait - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Tempera - Self-Portrait

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©Courtesy of the artist's estate/Bridgeman Art Library

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1980P1
Collection:Fine Art Paintings and Sculpture
Date:1901 - 1901

Maker Information

Artist:Maxwell Ashby Armfield - View biography for Maxwell Ashby Armfield

Notes

Maxwell Armfield was one of the most outstanding pupils at the Birmingham School of Art and is unusual in having deliberately chosen to study at Birmingham because of its growing reputation. He enrolled at the school in 1899 and his unpublished manuscript, 'My Approach to Art' gives an account of his experiences there:

'Apart from invaluable benefit from guidance and advice from such masters as Henry Payne, Arthur Gaskin and Joseph Southall, I really taught myself, as must any one who hopes to do individual work... I detested the Life Class, and rarely attended it: I refused to learn perspective or anatomy as they bored me, and generally, I could not have been a worse student.'

Armfield's individual style is evident in this 'Self Portrait' which combines Arts and Crafts, Aesthetic and Symbolist elements.

Purchased with aid from the Victoria and Albert Museum Purchase Grant Fund and assistance from the C J Robertson Charitable Trust, 1980.

Further Information

Production Period:20th century
School/Style:Self-Portrait
Medium:Tempera on sketching board.
Material(s):Egg tempera

Associated People

Dimensions

Height:293 mm
Width:231 mm