host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Oil Painting - La Patrie - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Oil Painting - La Patrie

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©Courtesy of the artist's estate/Bridgeman Art Library

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1988P104
Collection:Fine Art Paintings and Sculpture
Date:1916 - 1916

Maker Information

Artist:Christopher Richard W Nevinson - View biography for Christopher Richard W Nevinson

Notes

Before the First World War, Nevinson was an enthusiastic supporter of Futurist theory which celebrated the dynamics of the new machine age. He was also associated with the Vorticists in Britain but never joined them officially. He joined the Red Cross in 1914 working with the Quaker Friends Ambulance Unit near Dunkirk and his earliest paintings depict French troops.

La Patrie portrays an horrific incident he experienced when his unit came upon a goods yard full of dead and dying French and German soldiers. They had remained untreated as the casualties exceeded the medical facilities at the front. It was a baptism of fire for Nevinson whose first job was to tend these dying men. When La Patrie was shown in London in 1916 a critic wrote:

"La Patrie will stand, to the astonishment and shame of our descendents, as an example of what civilized man did in the first quarter of the 20th Century".

Presented By Sir Adrian Hayhurst Cadbury, 1988.

Further Information

Production Period:20th century
School/Style:Futurist
Medium:Oil on canvas.
Material(s):Oil paint

Associated Events

Dimensions

Height:608 mm
Width:915 mm